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Crime Data

Crime Data - Statistics are provided describing Missouri's crime experience and characteristics. The primary source for these statistics is the Missouri Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) System maintained by the Missouri State Highway Patrol. Missouri's historic violent and property crime experience are described. The publication Crime in Missouri provides detailed crime statistics.

Crime Index - A table is provided that displays frequency of violent and property offenses in Missouri and the rate of these offenses per 100,000 population. The violent crime index includes offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault while the property crime index includes burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. These eight offenses comprise the FBI Index Crimes that were selected to indicate the occurrence of crime in the United States because of their frequency of occurrence and because they are most likely to be reported by law enforcement.

Violent Crime - A table is provided that displays the frequency of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault offenses in Missouri as well and the number of arrests made for these crimes. Definitions of these offenses are:

Murder - Murder and non-negligent manslaughter are the willful killing of one human being by another. Deaths caused by negligence, suicide, accident, justifiable homicide, and attempts to murder (i.e., aggravated assault) are not included in this offense classification. Murder offenses are reported on a per victim basis.

Rape- Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Assaults or attempts to commit rape by force or threat of force are included in this classification. However, statutory rape (without force), sex attacks on males, and other types of sex offenses are not included. Forcible rape offenses are reported on a per victim basis.

Robbery - Robbery is the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear. This offense involves a theft or larceny but is aggravated by the element of force or threat of force. Robbery offenses are reported on an incident basis.

Aggravated Assault - Aggravated assault is an unlawful attack or attempted attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. All assaults or attempted assaults by one person upon another with the intent to kill, maim, or inflict severe bodily injury with the use of any dangerous weapon fall in this offense classification. Aggravated assault offenses are reported on a per victim basis.

Property Crime - A table is provided that displays the frequency of burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson offenses in Missouri as well and the number of arrests made for these crimes. Definitions of these offenses are:

Burglary - Burglary is the unlawful entry or attempted unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft. Burglary offenses are reported on an incident basis.

Theft- Theft is the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Crimes such as shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching, thefts from (but not of) motor vehicles, thefts of motor vehicle parts or accessories, bicycle thefts, etc., in which no use of force, violence, or fraud occurs are included in this crime offense. It does not include embezzlement, confidence games, forgery, or worthless checks. Theft offenses are reported on an incident basis.

Motor Vehicle Theft - Motor vehicle theft is the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. By definition, a motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle that runs on the surface and not on rails, including automobiles, trucks, buses, motorcycles, motor scooters, snowmobiles, etc. Motor vehicle theft offenses are reported on a per vehicle basis.

Arson - Arson is defined as any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc. Only fires determined through investigation to have been willfully or maliciously set are classified as arsons. Fires of suspicious or unknown origins are not included in this crime classification. Arson offenses are reported on an incident basis.